The Kingdom of Lesotho has an estimated population of 2 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Maseru. Lesotho has an area of 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq miles). The main languages are Sesotho, and English.
Lesotho achieved independence in 1966 from the UK. After several years of military rule, the constitution was restored in 1993. The election of 1998 led to internal violence and the bloody intervention of South Africa army. The country’s economy relies heavily on remittances send by men who cross the border to work in South African mines.
Lesotho has one of the highest HIV/AIDS infection rates in the world. Unlike most African countries, girls in Lesotho are more invested in education than boys. Boys generally work in mines and often miss the opportunity for adequate education. Although some efforts are being made by the Government to address gender equality, women are significantly under-represented in decision-making positions, political parties, central government and leadership positions.