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Sierra Leone

sleone

The Republic of Sierra Leone has an estimated population of 5.7 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Freetown. Sierra Leone has an area of 71,740 sq km (27,699 sq miles). The main languages are English, Krio (Creole language derived from English), and a range of other Africans languages.

Sierra Leone became independent in 1961 from Britain and is slowly recovering from a decade of civil war during 1991 to 2002. The conflict in Sierra Leone killed tens of thousands and more than 2 million people were displaced. In 2002, the conflict ended. Sierra Leone relies heavily on foreign aid to sustain its economy; much of the infrastructure of the country was destroyed during the civil war.

The constitution of Sierra Leone grants equal rights to men and women. However, customary law discriminates widely against women. In the recent years, reports of sexual and domestic violence have increased. During the civil war in Sierra Leone, widespread sexual violence was used as a weapon of war. Women and girls were kidnapped, raped or suffered other abuses such as amputations.

  • Sierra Leone signed the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (The Maputo Protocol) on the 9th of December 2003 but has not ratified it.
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was ratified by Sierra Leone on the 11th of November 1988.
  • Sierra Leone launched its National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) in March 2010.
  • From October 1999 to December 2000, there was UN Peacekeeping mandate in Sierra Leone: United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL). The mission was succeeded by the United Nations Mission Integrated Mission Office for Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL).

Source: BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI,

AFRICA: Safe Delivery: Reducing Maternal Mortality in Sierra Leone and Burundi
CAMPAIGN: In Sierra Leone, ActionAid Discusses Access to Justice with Rural Women
ETHIOPIA: 1 Woman, 11 Men Rep Sierra Leone at African Union Summit on Women
GHANA: State Offers Lessons for Sierra Leone in Women Empowerment
Review of the sexual violence elements of the judgments of the international criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the international criminal tribunal for Rwanda, and the special court for Sierra Leone in the light of UNSCR 1820
SIERRA LEONE: 50/50 Group Appeals to Women On Voter Registration
SIERRA LEONE: Journalists End Three-Day Experience Sharing Workshop in Makeni
SIERRA LEONE: Salone Women to Engage ERSG On 'Women Peace & Security' Talk
SIERRA LEONE: 2012 Presidential and Parliamentary Elections
SIERRA LEONE: After Ebola: Life For Women In Sierra Leone Now
SIERRA LEONE: APC, SLPP, PMDC, NDA Want More Women, Youths in 2012 Elections
SIERRA LEONE: Are Rights Campaigners Losing the Fight Against FGM?
SIERRA LEONE: As the Battle for Political Equality Intensifies Women Frown at Discriminatory Chieftaincy Heritage
SIERRA LEONE: Baby, maternal deaths soar in Sierra Leone on Ebola fear - researchers
SIERRA LEONE: Bayraytay Supports Bombali Women Farmers and Agribusiness
SIERRA LEONE: Building Gender Equality into Sierra Leone’s Potential
SIERRA LEONE: Celebrity Activism for Maternal Health in Sierra Leone: Good or Bad for our Global Image
SIERRA LEONE: Civil Society has Key Role to Play in Sierra Leone’s Redevelopment
SIERRA LEONE: Ebola lessons spur on Sierra Leone's fight against maternal deaths
SIERRA LEONE: Ebola Outbreak Has Curtailed Female Genital Mutilation In Sierra Leone: The First Step Toward Ending The Practice For Good?
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