The Republic of Chad has an estimated population of 11.5 million (UN, 2010). The capital is N'Djamena. Chad has an area of 1.28 millions sq km (495,800 sq miles). The main languages are French, and Arabic.
Chad endured decades of civil war after its independence in 1960. The country experienced internal conflict and a lack of infrastructure. However, Chad seems politically stable under the current regime.
Women remain largely discriminated against in Chad. Although the constitution provides equal rights for all citizens, in practice, there is a big inequality between men and women. Despite the government effort to promote gender equality, women are still underrepresented in government and decision-making positions.