Menu

Sudan

sudan

The Republic of Sudan has an estimated population of 43.2 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Khartoum. Sudan has an area of 2.5 million sq km (966,757 sq miles). The main language is Arabic, English (Offcial), and other tribal languages.

Sudan became independent in 1956 from the United Kingdom. Since its independence, Sudan has been plagued in two prolonged civil war between the North and the South, which has cost the lives of 1.5 million people. The ongoing violence in the Western region of Darfur has displaced an estimated two million people from their homes. Up to 200,000 people have been killed in the Darfur conflict. The large majority of the non-Muslim and non-Arabic population has rejected the implementation of Sharia Law by the government. The conflict in Sudan is seen as one of the worst humanitarian crises in Africa.

Rape is used as a weapon of war to terrorize the population. Tens of thousands of women have been displaced, raped, and killed. Women who reside in refugee camps are in danger of attacks, such as rape, if they go outside the camp. There have been reports of women being raped in front of their family, or abducted and forced to become sex slaves. The Government forces and the allied armed group in Darfur are the main perpetrators of these crimes. The government refuses to admit the existence of widespread of sexual violence and therefore, no actions are being taken to put an end to these atrocities.
 

  • Sudan signed the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (The Maputo Protocol) on the 30th of June 2008 but has not ratified it.
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) has not been signed or ratified by Sudan.
  • Sudan has not yet adopted a National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325).
  • There are two UN peacekeeping mandate in Sudan: African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS).

Source:  BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI,



AFRICA: Include Women in South Sudan, CAR Peace Negotiations - Civil Society
AFRICA: Nigeria, South Sudan Fail Miserably in Protecting Women
AFRICA: Nigeria, South Sudan Fail Miserably in Protecting Women: UN Special Representative
AFRICA: U.S. Seeks Paternity Proof for Children of Sudanese Woman On Death Row
APPEALS: SUDAN: Crackdown on Nuba Women Human Rights Activists!
APPEALS/URGENT ACTION: Woman Activist Stands Up Against Corruption, And Now Faces Threats To Her Life In Lake State, South Sudan
CAMPAIGN: Sudanese Women's Rights Activists Lobby Africa's Leaders
Human Rights Violations Surrounding the South Sudan Referendum
INTERNATIONAL: Dialogues Needed To Tackle Violence Against Women In Sudan
INTERNATIONAL: Sudan 'Apostasy' Woman Arrives in Italy
INTERNATIONAL: Sudanese 'Lost Boy' Walks 1000 Kilometres to Raise Money for Girls' Education
PRESS STATEMENT: SUDAN: Second Woman Sentenced to Death by Stoning for Adultery July 23rd 2012
SOUTH SOUDAN: Women In S. Sudan Diaspora Urge Leaders To Embrace Peace
SOUTH SUDAN Referendum 2011
SOUTH SUDAN: Marrying Off South Sudan's Girls for Cows
SOUTH SUDAN: "Encourage Girls' Education", Urges Education Deputy Minister
South Sudan: A Considerable Difference: Women and Representation in Southern Sudan
SOUTH SUDAN: A primary School Becomes a Model for Increasing Girls’ Enrolment
SOUTH SUDAN: Arrest of a Woman Human Rights Defender
SOUTH SUDAN: At Its Third Anniversary, South Sudan Works to Show New Brighter Side
Go to top