Menu

Sudan

sudan

The Republic of Sudan has an estimated population of 43.2 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Khartoum. Sudan has an area of 2.5 million sq km (966,757 sq miles). The main language is Arabic, English (Offcial), and other tribal languages.

Sudan became independent in 1956 from the United Kingdom. Since its independence, Sudan has been plagued in two prolonged civil war between the North and the South, which has cost the lives of 1.5 million people. The ongoing violence in the Western region of Darfur has displaced an estimated two million people from their homes. Up to 200,000 people have been killed in the Darfur conflict. The large majority of the non-Muslim and non-Arabic population has rejected the implementation of Sharia Law by the government. The conflict in Sudan is seen as one of the worst humanitarian crises in Africa.

Rape is used as a weapon of war to terrorize the population. Tens of thousands of women have been displaced, raped, and killed. Women who reside in refugee camps are in danger of attacks, such as rape, if they go outside the camp. There have been reports of women being raped in front of their family, or abducted and forced to become sex slaves. The Government forces and the allied armed group in Darfur are the main perpetrators of these crimes. The government refuses to admit the existence of widespread of sexual violence and therefore, no actions are being taken to put an end to these atrocities.
 

  • Sudan signed the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (The Maputo Protocol) on the 30th of June 2008 but has not ratified it.
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) has not been signed or ratified by Sudan.
  • Sudan has not yet adopted a National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325).
  • There are two UN peacekeeping mandate in Sudan: African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS).

Source:  BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI,



SOUTH SUDAN: At Its Third Anniversary, South Sudan Works to Show New Brighter Side
SOUTH SUDAN: Born Into Crisis – Violence Against Women Continues
SOUTH SUDAN: Brutal Gang Rape of a Young Pregnant Ethiopian Woman
SOUTH SUDAN: Calls for Women to Engage in S. Sudan Peace Building Efforts
SOUTH SUDAN: Campaign Against Gender-Based Violence Kicks off Across South Sudan
SOUTH SUDAN: Can Women Save South Sudan?
SOUTH SUDAN: Contraceptives Give Women the Right to Choose
SOUTH SUDAN: Daring Woman Who Played a Leading Role to Secure Freedom
SOUTH SUDAN: Female church workers raped, killed in South Sudan
SOUTH SUDAN: First Ever Gender Based Violence Training Program in South Sudan
SOUTH SUDAN: For South Sudan’s Women, the War Hasn’t Ende
SOUTH SUDAN: Gender Equality and the Human Rights Concern in South Sudan
SOUTH SUDAN: Girl Child Education Faces Challenges In Warrap State, Marriages Force Girls Out Of School
SOUTH SUDAN: Girls Speak Out Against Forced Marriages
SOUTH SUDAN: Giving Life is the Leading Cause of Death for Women in South Sudan
SOUTH SUDAN: Global Women’s Institute To Research Violence Against Women In South Sudan
SOUTH SUDAN: Horrific Sexual Violence in South Sudan, UN Envoy Says
SOUTH SUDAN: Improving Maternal Outcomes Through Community Outreach - PART ONE
SOUTH SUDAN: Improving Maternal Outcomes Through Community Outreach - PART TWO
SOUTH SUDAN: In Brief: Southern Sudanese Women Face Multiple Risks - Report
Go to top