The Republic of Equatorial Guinea has an estimated population of 693,400 (UN, 2010). The capital is Malabo. Equatorial Guinea has an area of 28,051 sq km (10,830 sq miles). The main languages are Spanish, and French
Equatorial Guinea, which gained its independence in 1968 after 190 years under Spanish rule, is one of the smallest countries in Africa. It has become the third largest oil exporter country in Sub-Saharan country. The first president allegedly committed genocide against the Bubi ethnic minority and ordered the killing of thousands of opponents. According to Human Rights Watch, the current president is a corrupt dictator who has total control over the political system.
Despite the government effort to ensure equal opportunity for women, customs and traditions remains an obstacle to women's enjoyment of their human rights. Women account for 8.1 per cent of government officials, including traditional chiefs, local council members, mayors and members of Parliament. While equal representation has not been achieved in any aspect of life, considerable progress is being made.