The Republic of Guinea has an estimated population of 10,3 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Conakry. Guinea has an area of 245,857 sq km (94,926 sq miles). The main languages are French, Susu, Fulani, and Mandingo.
Guinea became independent in 1958 from France. Despite being rich in natural resources and one of the world's biggest bauxite exporters, Guinea is one of the poorest countries in the west Africa due to bad governance and widespread corruption. In September 2009, Guinea made headlines when the army killed an estimated 150 people who were protesting against the military regime. The International Criminal Court has classified the case as a crime against humanity.
The constitution of Guinea grants equal rights to men and women as a fundamental right. However, discrimination against women still persists in the daily life, mainly in rural areas. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is widely practiced. During the political demonstration in September 2009, women were sexually assaulted and brutally raped by the army.