The Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya has an estimated population of 6.5 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Tripoli. Libya has an area of 1.77 million sq km (685,524 sq miles). The main language is Arabic.
Libya became independent in 1951, which was followed by the 1969 military coup led by the colonel Gaddafi. After many years of isolation, Gaddafi returned to the international community by resolving the Lockerbie bombing and pledged his commitment to stop the development of weapons of mass destruction.
In Libya, unlike most Arabic countries, women can vote, work, drive hold political and judicial office and they can have their own business. When he took power in 1969, Gaddafi decided to grant and enforce women's rights. Although the law requires equal rights for women in Libya, social and traditional pressures can cause violations of the principle of equality.