The Republic of Rwanda has an estimated population of 10.2 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Kigali. Rwanda has an area of 26,338 sq km (10,169 sq miles). The main languages are Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), and Swahili.

Africa’s most densely populated country, Rwanda gained independence in 1962 from Belgium. Decades of ethnic tensions between the dominant Tutsi minority and the Hutu majority led to the deterioration of the country. In 1994, Rwanda experienced Africa’s worst genocide. Within 100 days, nearly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were brutally murdered and up to 500,000 women were raped.

Rwanda has made considerable progress in promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment. Women currently make up 56 percent of the parliament. However, despite these achievements, many challenges of inequality between men and women still exist.

  • Rwanda ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa best Known as the Maputo Protocol on the 25th June 2004.
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was ratified by Rwanda on the 2nd of March 1981.
  • Rwanda launched its National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) in May 2010.
  • From October 1993 to March 1996, there was a UN peacekeeping mandate in Rwanda: United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).

Source: BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI

RWANDA: Women Urged to Seek Futures in Agricultural Sciences and Technology
RWANDA: Women Urged to Use Social Media As a Marketing Tool
RWANDA: Women Want to be Decision-Makers About Peace, Not Passive Victims of War
RWANDA: Women Who Dared to Dream and Made it in Business
RWANDA: Women's Budget Heading to Full Implementation
RWANDA: Women's Council Launches Anti GBV Campaign
RWANDA: Women's Day Taken to the Grassroots
RWANDA: Women's Empowerment Is an Ongoing Process
RWANDA: Women's Land Rights Gains are Eroded by Cultural Practices
RWANDA: Women's Rights Better In Post-Genocide Rwanda, More To Be Done - Advocate
RWANDA: Women's Role in Peace-Building
RWANDA: Women's Role in the Next 50 Years - The Africa We Want
RWANDA: World Bank Chief Impressed By Women Empowerment
RWANDA: World Bank Gender Director Visits Vocational Project for Girls
RWANDA: World Bank Lauds Sub-Sahara Africa On Women Economic Empowerment
RWANDA: World Bank, UN Chiefs Hail Rwanda's Gender Policies
RWANDA: World Leader for Women in Politics (Unless They Oppose Kagame)
RWANDA: WOW Inspires Rwanda Women
RWANDA: Young African Women Meet in Kigali
RWANDA:Conditioned Legalization of Abortion Divides Society
Go to top