The Republic of Rwanda has an estimated population of 10.2 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Kigali. Rwanda has an area of 26,338 sq km (10,169 sq miles). The main languages are Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), and Swahili.

Africa’s most densely populated country, Rwanda gained independence in 1962 from Belgium. Decades of ethnic tensions between the dominant Tutsi minority and the Hutu majority led to the deterioration of the country. In 1994, Rwanda experienced Africa’s worst genocide. Within 100 days, nearly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were brutally murdered and up to 500,000 women were raped.

Rwanda has made considerable progress in promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment. Women currently make up 56 percent of the parliament. However, despite these achievements, many challenges of inequality between men and women still exist.

  • Rwanda ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa best Known as the Maputo Protocol on the 25th June 2004.
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was ratified by Rwanda on the 2nd of March 1981.
  • Rwanda launched its National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) in May 2010.
  • From October 1993 to March 1996, there was a UN peacekeeping mandate in Rwanda: United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).

Source: BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI

RWANDA: Gender Equality - Let Men Lead Struggle
RWANDA: Gender Minister Tips Women On Development
RWANDA: Gender Monitoring Offices Meet Women Parliamentarians
RWANDA: Gender Office Develops Strategic Plan
RWANDA: Gender Stakeholders Call for More Sensitisation
RWANDA: Genocide Survivor Clemantine Wamariya On Resiliency
RWANDA: Girls in ICT Rwanda Take Campaign to Schools
RWANDA: Girls Urged to Strive for Excellence
RWANDA: Global Collaboration to Host Girls Tech Camp in Rwanda
RWANDA: Global Women Forum Discusses Gender Parity, Financial Freedom
RWANDA: Green Hills Girls to Take Part in G20 Summit
RWANDA: HIV Positive Women Denied Inheritance Rights – Report
RWANDA: Hold GBV Perpetrators to Account - Kagame
RWANDA: How Can We Protect Our Children From Defilement?
RWANDA: How Employees, Employers Will Contribute to the Maternity Fund
RWANDA: How Former Commercial Sex Workers Became Entrepreneurs
RWANDA: How Rwanda is Winning The Fight For Gender Equality
RWANDA: Human Rights Bodies Fight for Women to Have Safe Abortion
RWANDA: I'm Calling for a Militantly Feminist FFRP
RWANDA: ICGLR Calls for Action Against Armed Groups
Go to top