The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has an estimated population of 67 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Kinshasa. The DRC has an area of 2.34 million sq km (905,354 sq miles). The main languages are French, Lingala, Kiswahili, Kikongo, and Tshiluba.

The DRC became independent in 1960. Since independence, the country has been overwhelmed by political and social instability. It is estimated that three millions people have lost their lives in the DRC war, either as a direct cause of the war or poverty. The countries immense resource wealth, coupled with the massive flow of refugees from Rwanda and Burundi and the presence of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) have fuelled the war in DRC.

Combatants use gang rapes, rapes, and sexual mutilation as weapons of war to terrorize the population. Women are repeatedly raped and sometimes held as sex slaves. The principal perpetrators of these crimes are the armed group combatants and government soldiers. Because of the culture of impunity, rape victims have no chance of getting justice.

  •   DRC ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples'  Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (The Maputo Protocol) on the 9th of June 2008.
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was ratified by DRC on the 17th of October 1986.
  • DRC launched its National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) in June 2010.
  • There is a large UN peacekeeping mandate in DRC:United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) which is the UN largest peacekeeping mission. It was renamed as MONUCO ( United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Republic Democratic of Congo) on the 1st of July 2010. 

Source:BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI,

DRC: Congo Provides Justice Without Theatrics
DRC: Congo Should Compensate Rape Victims - Doctor Denis Mukwege
DRC: Congo Steps Up Drive To Curb Sexual Violence, Shake Off 'Rape Capital' Tag
DRC: Congo Vote Begins Despite Delay Fears, Violence
DRC: CONGO: Discussion Groups Help Male Youth Work to Prevent Violence Against Women
DRC: Congo's “Hero Women” Salute the White House on Appointment of US Presidential Envoy
DRC: Congo's Desperate 'One-Dollar U.N. Girls'
DRC: Congo’s ‘Mamas’ and Their Campaign Against Wartime Rape
DRC: Congo/Women Projected on Façade of Nobel Peace Centre Exhibition part of Mother’s Day Event with New UNFPA Executive Director
DRC: Congolese Army and Rebel Fighters Accused of Mass Rape and Looting
DRC: Congolese Men Launch Feminist Group
DRC: Congolese Mother Forced To Flee Her Home Answers Questions About Her Life
DRC: Congolese Refugees Hail Lubanga Verdict
DRC: Congolese Women Graduate from Inaugural Rape Survival Class
DRC: Congolese Women Plead for Help in Ending Violence, Crimes Against Women
DRC: Congolese Women's Group Appeal
DRC: Consequences of Conflict: Tracing the Effects of Sexual Violence on Individuals, Families, and Communities in Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC: Country Prepares to Commemorate Women's Day 2012
DRC: Democratic Republic of the Congo's Women hold Key to Lasting Peace
DRC: Denis Mukwege: DR Congo Anti-Rape Doctor Attacked
Go to top